Basic, traditional methods of treatment, prescribed by a doctor, pass through long testing. Before a new drug gets to a clinic, its effects are studied in laboratory animals, then in healthy donors, and then in volunteers among patients (prior to be included in the study each patient signs an agreement). Moreover, tests on patients take place in several phases:
Phase 1: the toxicity is evaluated and the dosage is chosen;
Phase 2: the toxicity and the effectiveness are evaluated without comparison;
Phase 3: the new drug is compared with the treatment that is considered standard.
The research results are checked for many times, all side effects of drugs or techniques are studied, their action is proved. There are companies that are engaged in an audit of clinical trials. Only after this product is registered by Ministry of Health and can be used in clinical practice.
Methods of alternative medicine
They don’t pass any tests, their safety is not proven. Even if the drug is registered in the Ministry of Health, it is registered as a dietary supplement (biologically active food additive) or homeopathic medicine. This registration guarantees you only one thing: you will not be poisoned with this drug, if you take it in the prescribed doses. Nothing more.
There is a similar situation in other countries. In the USA such products as herbal or vitamins are registered in the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) not as medicine but as food. Accordingly, there are no clinical trials of these drugs and their effectiveness and safety remain unclear. Scientific researches for the majority of alternative medicine methods either have been started recently or only are planned. Due to the lack of any reliable information doctors of most clinics do not offer these methods as additional therapy or categorically deny the possibility of their use. Nowadays alternative methods of treatment gradually have being begun to be taught in medical schools.
Kinds of alternative medicine:
There is no clear division into sub-categories. The following types of alternative therapies are distinguished: acupuncture (acupuncture, cauterization, acupressure, auricular acupuncture), herbal medicine, apitherapy (treatment with honey), naturo, urine therapy, bioenergetic therapy, aromatherapy, chiropractic therapy, homeopathy, hirudotherapy, treatment with minerals, water therapy, sound therapy, color therapy, stone therapy, treatment with hunger, treatment with diets (eg, separation of food, non-protein diet, glycoprival diet, etc.), magnetic therapy, siderism etc.
You can apply almost any of these types of alternative medicine with some exceptions. Hirudotherapy (attachment leeches) can be very dangerous.